An effective service in volleyball is crucial to a winning strategy. A good serve either will not be returned, resulting in the point, or it will be returned weakly, giving the serving team the advantage. One objective of an effective serve is to give the receivers as little time as possible to react. In this paper we construct a model of a served volleyball and use it to determine how to serve so that, after crossing the net, the ball hits the desired location in the minimal amount of time.
Lithio, Dan and Webb, Eric
"Optimizing a Volleyball Serve,"
Rose-Hulman Undergraduate Mathematics Journal: Vol. 7:
2, Article 11.
Available at: https://scholar.rose-hulman.edu/rhumj/vol7/iss2/11