After reviewing fundamental properties of matrix generalized inverses and circulant matrices, we describe a particular application in which both of these concepts play an important role. In particular, we establish the form of the Moore-Penrose generalized inverse of a type of circulant matrix that arises naturally in the study of iterated functions on integers.
Cleghorn, Chantel S.
"Application of Generalized Inverses and Circulant Matrices to Iterated Functions on Integers,"
Rose-Hulman Undergraduate Mathematics Journal: Vol. 2
, Article 3.
Available at: https://scholar.rose-hulman.edu/rhumj/vol2/iss2/3